The attachment theory has been around for quite some time. At first, the main focus was on the relations between a mother and her child.

“Some authors initially said that attachment developed at a very early age – within the first 18 months,” Strauke noted.

Even though attachment starts developing at a very early age, the effect on the grown-ups choice of friends and partners as well as on establishing relations with new people is huge. Usually, people start analysing themselves in greater detail when they are in romantic relationships, including various differences regarding relations and how much time a couple should spend together.

“Attachment types determine that one partner wants to distance themselves more and the other seeks a very intense contact and connection. Neither cases are bad per se, but this causes issues in a relationship,” Strauke said.

Lina Straukė

Secure and insecure attachment – what are the main differences?

Secure attachment forms when the parents are addressing the baby’s needs, e.g. if it is crying, the mother picks the baby up and caresses it. This way, an emotional connection is created, and the baby learns that there is a person who creates security. It is the security that determines the baby’s future desire to explore the world, and research shows that this has a positive effect on grades as well.

Insecure attachment forms when the parents give insufficient attention to their child – due to dealing with their own issues or because of other reasons.

“There used to be a saying that you should not pick your baby up when it is crying in order not to turn this into a habit. But being such a mother or a father resulted in the baby developing insecure attachment,” the psychologist and psychotherapist explained.

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