"A training event with the headquarters' certification are scheduled for 2016, and also probably the arrival of high readiness elements," he told journalists at the headquarters of the Joint Staff of the Lithuanian Armed Forces in Vilnius, which will also house the new NATO headquarters.
High readiness elements are NATO rapid response forces that can be redeployed to an operation location within a week and part of them – high readiness forces – can be redeployed within two days.
The progress made in the establishment of a NATO headquarters, the NATO Force Integration Unit (NFIU) in Vilnius, its leadership, tasks and organization were presented to national defence leadership, foreign defence attachés in Lithuania, and media at the headquarters of the Joint Staff of the Lithuanian Armed Forces in Vilnius.
According to the Ministry of National Defence, guests toured the premises where the multinational headquarters is to be based. The NFIU is expected to be officially inaugurated the fall.
This NATO force integration cell is going to be one of NATO’s prepositioned headquarters in Lithuania which will facilitate deployment of the NATO Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF) and additional rapid response elements in our region. The NFIU will operate as an intermediate unit facilitating interoperability among national and NATO forces, i.e., contribute to defence planning, allied training and exercises, and liaison with NATO’s operational headquarters.
The multinational headquarters in Vilnius will comprise roughly 40 military personnel, half of them Lithuanian officers and NCOs, and the other half – military personnel assigned by allied nations. Throughout the first 3-year long rotation, command for the NFIU will be provided by a Danish army officer and a Lithuanian officer in the capacity of his deputy.
Being established in Eastern Europe, NATO headquarters are part of NATO's Readiness Action Plan that was endorsed at the Wales summit last year and aimed at deterring threats coming from Russia and terrorist organization in the south.