Labour market continues improving
Unemployment plummeted to 9.1% in the third quarter of this year on the back of swift employment growth and despite a rapidly rising participation rate and weaker expectations. The employment rate, as well as the participation rate, reached historic highs. Youth unemployment decreased even faster than total unemployment, while long-term unemployment was more persistent. Structural unemployment will remain a problem despite a temporary improvement.
Rapid wage growth poses challenges
The net wage bill increased by an even 8% in the third quarter of this year compared with the same period a year ago - the fastest growth since 2008. This means that, unless expectations decrease significantly, this will contribute to domestic demand-dependent economic growth. However, in the longer run the gap between wage growth and productivity growth might harm cost competitiveness, unless productivity is raised through higher investments and structural reforms.
Slower employment growth and strong wage growth ahead
The Russia-Ukraine conflict and grimmer expectations have not affected job creation so far. Business and consumer expectations, despite remaining lower than at the beginning of this year, have recovered somewhat since the trough in September. Even though risks related to the Russian market remain high, we expect modest employment growth. Wage growth should accelerate as the labour market tightens.