aA
Communities of city burghers created self-governing cities as a result of the city burghers’ struggles with sovereigns for cities’ rights and freedoms at first in Western Europe from the 11th century to the 13th century, and in Central Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries. The self-governing city burgher communities were legally separated from the state and received independence from the noble class.
Vilnius Old Town
Vilnius Old Town
© DELFI / Šarūnas Mažeika
Visą straipsnį gali skaityti tik prenumeratoriai
Tapdami prenumeratoriais, jūs remiate nepriklausomus autorius ir žurnalistus. Stipri ir laisva žiniasklaida – demokratijos ramstis ir vertybė, kurią būtina puoselėti.
Kviečiame prisijungti prie Delfi prenumeratorių bendruomenės.

Cartography of a private domain: the 1645 map of the Duchy of Biržai

European cartography experienced a considerable rise in the 16th and the first half of the 17th...

Food in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

In the 13th and 14th centuries, both pagans and Christians suffered from starvation because the lack...

Pilėnai and Margiris

Pilėnai is a place that looms over the landscape of Lithuanian history. It is a place shrouded in...

The mythology of the Battle of Saulė

The raid of the Christian army against Lithuania in 1236 was dictated by the political circumstances...

How Lithuania helped shape Sweden’s elegance

Politics is the new black, regardless of which one you choose, fictional or real. Just as many...

Top news

Bilotaite: Amnesty's report on migrants out of context

Amnesty International's report on the treatment of irregular migrants by Lithuania's authorities fails...

A memorial plaque to Lithuanian writer removed in Russia's Sovetsk

A memorial plaque to Vilhelmas Storosta-Vydunas, a Lithuanian writer and philosopher who lived and...

President: Canada to open its embassy in Vilnius shortly

Canada is set to open its embassy in Vilnius, Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda said.

Rocky Balboa—Lithuanian style

If you wanted a game where Lithuanian fans would have three heart attacks, two strokes and a brain...

Student from Colombia: even in the same country people have cultural differences

Colombian Gerson David Pinto Chica came to Kaunas from Kibaha in Tanzania, where his family currently...