aA
Ancient civilisations already knew how to use the energy of running water, but it was the Western European civilisation that developed a vast network of watermills during the Middle Ages. The abundance of swift-running rivers and constant increase of crop areas in Europe were the two important factors behind the spread of watermills that eventually got involved in various technological processes, including smithing, papermaking, wood processing and groundwater regulation. In technical sense, history of Western watermills apparently developed independently from the experience of other civilisations, although the initial impulses might have arrived from elsewhere.
Šlyninkos watermill in Zarasai region
Šlyninkos watermill in Zarasai region
© DELFI / Domantas Pipas

Cartography of a private domain: the 1645 map of the Duchy of Biržai

European cartography experienced a considerable rise in the 16th and the first half of the 17th...

Food in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

In the 13th and 14th centuries, both pagans and Christians suffered from starvation because the lack...

Pilėnai and Margiris

Pilėnai is a place that looms over the landscape of Lithuanian history. It is a place shrouded in...

The mythology of the Battle of Saulė

The raid of the Christian army against Lithuania in 1236 was dictated by the political circumstances...

How Lithuania helped shape Sweden’s elegance

Politics is the new black, regardless of which one you choose, fictional or real. Just as many...

Top news

Emigration remains high despite pandemic and Brexit

Scientists expected substantial changes in migration patterns in Lithuania amid coronavirus...

Lithuania ranks 4th in Europe by COVID-19 case rate 2nd by death rate

Lithuania ranks fourth by 14-day COVID-19 case notification rate among the European countries...

Rafaela Lindeberg and Ott Ummelas | D+

Sweden shuns NATO as stability outweighs worries about Russia

Sweden’s top defense official said staying out of NATO remains the best security option for the...

First month in office of new government: who garnered most media

Health Minister Arunas Dulkys garnered the most media attention in the first month in the office of...

Lithuania registers 13 pct more deaths in 2020

Lithuania registered 13 percent more deaths in 2020 than in 2019, the country's statistics office said...